Treatment: Treatment for problems associated with dry nasal passages includes:

  • saline nasal sprays such as Ocean spray.
  • lavage of nasal passages with a saline solution.
  • decongestants including loratadine (Claritin) and desloratadine (Clarinex), fexofenadine (Allegra) and cetirizine (Zyrtec).
  • antibiotics, including the sulfa-containing drug sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim DS, Septra); the penicillin drug amoxicillin and clavulanate (Augmentin); the macrolide antibiotics azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin); the cephlasporins ceftibuten (Cedax) and cephalexin (Keflex); and flouroquinolone (quinolones) antibiotics ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levoquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox) and gatifloxacin (Tequin).
  • steroid sprays including Flonase, Beconase and Nasonex.
  • expectorants such as alkalol (a saline solution that includes a mix of menthol, camphor, eucalyptol, thymol, and oils of wintergreen, spearmint, pine, and cinnamon) and guaifenesin (Humabid-LA).

Tips for moisturizing and protecting dry nasal passages:

  • Use a humidifier or vaporizer.
  • Make and use your own saltwater spray by mixing one teaspoon salt to one quart of deionized water and boiling to fully dissolve the salt.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to thin your mucus.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol, which can dry out your nasal passages.
  • Avoid chlorinated swimming pools, because chlorine can irritate nasal passages.
  • Apply warm, wet towels to your face.


Dry skin that cracks and itches is common with Sjögren's syndrome. The lips are also frequently affected. In some people, Sjögren's is associated with skin rashes. The most common appear initially as areas of dark blotches on the legs and feet that grow together.

Treatment: Treatment for dry skin typically consists of topical creams and lotions. If the corners of your lips crack, it could be due to a yeast infection. Treatment with a topical antifungal such as econazole nitrate (Spectazole) or ciclopirox (Loprox) may needed to clear the infection.

Tips for moisturizing skin:

  • Limit showers to five minutes, because water removes the skin's natural oils.
  • When drying the skin with a towel, pat, don’t rub.
  • Apply creams and lotions after a skin or bath when your skin is still moist.
  • For between-shower application, dampen your skin with a wet towel before applying lotion.
  • Use a humidifier in your bedroom at night to help moisten your skin.


Vaginal dryness can make intercourse painful and interfere with sexual relationships.

Treatment: Vaginal lubricants and moisturizers can restore moisture and make intercourse easier. There are many different vaginal lubricants available over the counter as gels, sprays and inserts under a variety of trade names, including Astroglide, KY Jelly, Lubrin, Maxilube, Replens and Surgilube. Avoid petroleum-based ointments such as petroleum jelly.