Psychiatrist: Physician who has additional, specialized training in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses. A psychiatrist, unlike a psychologist, is licensed to order medical tests such as brain scans, or to prescribe drugs to treat mental conditions, including depression or anxiety.

Ophthalmologist: Physician with additional, specialized training in diagnosing, preventing and treating eye diseases. Children with JA need regular eye exams to detect signs of inflammatory eye conditions like uveitis.

Dermatologist: Physician with additional, specialized training in diagnosing, preventing and treating skin diseases. Children with JA may need to see a dermatologist if they develop rashes or painful skin conditions like psoriatic arthritis.

Dentist: Doctor with specialized training in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the oral cavity, including the teeth. Dental specialists may have even more training in treating jaw disease like temporomandibular joint disorder, a painful jaw condition that some kids with JA develop.

Orthopaedic surgeon: Physician with additional, specialized training in surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system, including bones and joints.

Podiatrist: Physician with training in diagnosing, preventing and treating foot diseases or pain, including prescribing medicines and performing foot surgeries.

Social worker: Licensed professional who helps children and parents capitalize on their own resources or finding social services available to make life easier with juvenile arthritis.

Dietitian: Health care professional with specialized training in the use of diet and food to promote good health. Dietitians may guide children with JA in developing a healthy diet, or consult with parents if children are either overweight or underweight.

Other: Depending on how your child’s rheumatic disease affects her, other specialists on your child’s health care team may include physicians like nephrologists, who treat kidney diseases;  gastroenterologists, who treat diseases of the digestive system; pulmonologists, who treat lung diseases, and many more.