To what extent children with JA are taking over-the-counter medications will depend upon the physician practice involved, says Randy Cron, MD, PhD, director of pediatric rheumatology at Children’s Hospital of Alabama, which is affiliated with the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

At Dr. Cron’s Birmingham practice, roughly 80 percent of his arthritis patients are on some type of biologic medication and OTC use is very minimal. “If they are relying on OTC nonsteroidal medications every day, it’s a sign or a flag to us that we need to do something better to control their arthritis,” he says. 

But Dr. Cron sometimes gets referrals from practices in other states, where OTC use is more common. One difficulty is that regular use of medications, such as naproxen, can lead to the use of other OTC medications, such as antacids or proton pump inhibitors for stomach issues.

At this point, Davis says her son doesn’t take any OTC medication. Naproxen and ibuprofen don’t relieve his symptoms and her son’s folic acid is prescribed.

But she was dismayed to learn about the impending requirement to get a doctor’s prescription, in order to use FSA dollars. “That means I have to make an appointment with the doctor?” she asks. “That’s another $25 (for the doctor’s co-pay) to see them.”

Planning ahead

The new written prescription requirement for FSAs will require some additional organization and paperwork for patients and doctors alike, says Rosen, who also recently co-authored The Healthcare Survival Guide. One step families can take is to ask their physicians to write a year’s worth of prescriptions in advance for OTC medications to ensure that they will be covered when the new FSA provisions go into effect, he says.

Families also might want to take a second look at prescription alternatives, he says. Sometimes a similar medication, prescribed through a mail-order plan, might be cheaper than its OTC cousin anyway.

Worried about the impending $2,500 cap, Rosen advises families with JA to see if there is any medical treatment, such as dental work, that can be completed in the next few years before they are limited in flexible spending account contributions.

Another option, for some employees, is to divvy up medical expenses between a health savings account and a flexible spending account, if both are offered through their employer, Rosen says. A health spending account, which is paired with a high-deductible health plan, can be used for medical costs. And the $2,500 limit of the FSA can be reserved for dental and vision costs, when the requisite type, called a “limited purpose FSA,” is available, he says.

Not everyone will be impacted by the new cap. Despite the family’s higher health expenses, Davis doesn’t plan to reserve more than $1,800 in next year’s FSA. But with plenty of medical bills to pay, any related tax savings will be put to good use, she says.

Some resources

For insight into changes related to health reform, including flexible spending accounts, tap one of these resources:

1.Consumer Reports: An online timeline of health reform changes through 2014.

2. Healthcare.gov: Federal officials have launched a site that explains the various details related to health reform, including new coverage options. 

3. Kaiser Family Foundation: This 13-page document provides a summary of health reform’s elements.