Treating gout is a two-pronged effort – first control the pain and inflammation of the current attack, usually with NSAIDs, corticosteroids or a plant-derived drug called colchicine (Colcrys). Once your gout attack subsides, usually within days, your doctor will prescribe one of several medications designed to control uric acid levels. Making lifestyle changes, such as drinking more water, less alcohol and avoiding purine-rich foods, can also help prevent future gout attacks.

Other Arthritis-Related Diseases:

There are many forms of arthritis and related diseases that cause joint pain. Other types include ankylosing spondylitis, which typically affects the spine and the joints of the pelvis; polymyalgia rheumatica, a condition often triggered by inflammation in the blood vessels that leads to joint pain and swelling; and soft-tissue rheumatic conditions like tendinitis and bursitis, where connective tissues and cushioning joint components become inflamed and painful.

In many of these conditions, doctors either try to stop the cause of the inflammation with DMARDs, or control inflammation with NSAIDs. In all cases, people with severe pain due to an arthritis-related condition may also try analgesic drugs.

OA

NSAIDs

Analgesics

Surgery

Inflammation

DMARDs

Biologics

Fibro drugs

Gout

Gout drugs

Sources:

See Causes of Pain story.