Risk Factors

The amount of bone mass you have as a young adult, and the rate at which you lose it as you age determine your risk for osteoporosis. It is more common in:

• Women, especially those past menopause, or of advanced age

• Women who go through menopause early (before age 45) or who have very irregular or missed menstrual periods

• Women who have had their ovaries removed through a hysterectomy

• People who are thin or have small body frames

• People with a family history of osteoporosis (many fractures or hunched posture), or Caucasian or Asian ancestry, indicating hereditary risk factors for osteoporosis

• People with a history of bone fractures after a minor injury

• People with an inflammatory form of arthritis, such as rheumatoidarthritis or lupus

• People with a type of spondyloarthropathy, such as ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis (including Reiter’s syndrome), psoriatic arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease-associated spondyloathropathy)

• People who take drugs that reduce bone strength such as corticosteroids (cortisone, prednisone or methylprednisolone), anticonvulsant medications (anti-seizure medications), or heparin

• People who eat diets with few calcium-rich foods, such as dairy products

• People with celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hyperthyroidism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or multiple myeloma (bone marrow cancer)

• People who have had bariatric surgery

• People who have thyroid or parathyroid disease